Nagoya University Global COE Program: From Earth System Science to Basic and Clinical Environmental Studies

BCES

Program Members

Kazuhiko FUKUSHIMA

Name Kazuhiko FUKUSHIMA Kazuhiko FUKUSHIMA
Position, Department Professor, Department of Biosphere Resources Science, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences
Office Room 586, Gradate School of Bioagricultural Science / School of Agricultural Science, Building A
E-mail
Homepage Lab HP
Research Keywords Wood Biomass, Cell Walls, Lignin, ToF-SIMS

Message

In order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, one of the most pressing issues is the need to substitute natural energies, such as biomass, for the fossil resources currently being used. Wood biomass accounts for 90% of all biomass; it can be produced in mountainous regions and areas of low precipitation, without interfering with food production. As such, expectation is rising for the potential of wood biomass as a next-generation resource in sustainable supply. However, wood biomass contains lignin, a persistent chemical compound, which prevents biomass conversions such as enzymic saccharification. Lignin is a material that was originally acquired during the evolution process in order to ensure that vegetation not be used by other animate beings. The key to effective biomass utilization lies in our ability to effectively command this substance.

Research Themes

  • Analysis of Cell-Wall Components through Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer (ToF-SIMS)
  • The Formation and Construction of Lignin
  • Enzymic Saccharification of Biomass
  • Effective Utilization of Forestry Resources

Biography

Mar 1990 Ph.D., Graduate School of Agriculture, Nagoya University
Apr 1990 Research Associate, School of Agriculture, Nagoya University
Aug 1997 Associate Professor, School of Agriculture, Nagoya University
Apr 1999 Associate Professor, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University
Jun 2004 Professor, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University

Papers & Publications

  • K. Saito, T. Mitsutani, T. Imai, Y. Matsushita, K. Fukushima, Discriminating the indistinguishable sapwood from heartwood in discoloured ancient wood by direct molecular mapping of specific extractives using ToF-SIMS. Analytical Chemistry, 80(5), 1552-1557 (2008)
  • R. Nakamura, Y. Matsushita, K. Umemoto, A. Usuki, K. Fukushima, Enzymatic Polymerization of Coniferyl alcohol in the Presence of Cyclodextrins. Biomacromolecules, 7(6), 1929-1934 (2006)
  • Fukushima, K. et al (ed). Secondary Xlyem Formation: Introduction to Biomass Science. Kaiseisha Press (2003) (in Japanese)
  • Saito, K., Kato, T., Tsuji, Y. Fukushima, K. Identifying the characteristic secondary Ions of lignin polymer using ToF-SIMS, Biomacromolecules, 6(2), 678-683 (2005)
  • F. Chen, S. Yasuda and K. Fukushima: Evidence for a novel biosynthetic pathway that regulates the ratio of syringyl to guaiacyl residues in lignin in the differentiating xylem of Magnolia kobus DC., Planta 207(4), 597-603 (1999)

Lecture Courses Taught

Biomass Science I, Tree Biochemistry, Biomass Conversion Chemistry I

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